Article Abstract

Potential roles of microRNA in levonorgestrel-treated uterine leiomyoma cells

Authors: Huiyuan Ma, Xiaoyan Shi, Ziyi Fu, Xiaoli Wu, Yushuang Huangfu, Pengfei Xu, Xin Zeng, Juan Xu, Hongjie Ruan, Qing Xu


Background: Uterine leiomyoma is a common, benign, female tumor, which leads to gynecological disorders such as a recurrent pregnancy loss, and menstrual abnormalities. Although uterine leiomyoma can be cured by surgical and partial endocrine therapy, little is known about the biological mechanisms.
Methods: In this study, uterine leiomyoma cells were treated with levonorgestrel (LNG) and prepared for microRNA (miRNA) microarray assay. The de-regulated miRNAs detected by microarray were confirmed by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Gene ontology and pathway analysis were carried out to investigate the biological functions of these dys-regulated miRNAs.
Results: The microarray data discovered 9 significantly up-regulated miRNAs and 32 predominantly down-regulated miRNAs in LNG-treated uterine leiomyoma cells. qPCR results further validated these discoveries. Gene ontology annotation showed that these dys-regulated miRNAs could regulate cell bicarbonate transport, phosphoinositide 3-kinase cascade, and other biological processes. Meanwhile, pathway analysis demonstrated that these dys-regulated miRNAs might participate in ErbB-MAPK signaling pathway regulation.
Conclusions: The above results suggest that these dys-regulated miRNAs probably play a critical role in the progression of uterine leiomyoma. By providing new glimpses into the molecular mechanisms underlying the LNG intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) remedy, our study might be helpful in developing noninvasive clinical treatment for uterine leiomyoma.