Article Abstract

NUMB knockdown enhanced the anti-tumor role of cisplatin on ovarian cancer cells by inhibiting cell proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition

Authors: Zhao Liu, Shasha Qi, Yibing Fu, Liang Shen, Mingjiang Li, Jiaju Lu, Xingbo Zhao, Hui Zhang

Abstract

Background: NUMB is an inhibitory regulator of NOTCH signaling, which is critical for the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Loss of NUMB expression is correlated with the genesis and development of multiple tumors. Recent studies reported that NUMB expression was upregulated in human ovarian cancer. However, the role of NUMB in ovarian cancer is still unclear. Here, we invested the effect of NUMB knockdown on the proliferation and EMT in ovarian cancer cells and explored the role of NUMB in the effect of cisplatin.
Methods: Two ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-3 and SK-OV-3) were used in the experiments. The proliferation and apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells was examined using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) test and flow cytometry assays. The invasion and migration of ovarian cancer cells were examined using Transwell assays. The expression of EMT markers were examined using Simple Western analysis.
Results: NUMB knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, and migration in both ovarian cancer cells. NUMB knockdown enhanced cisplatin-induced cell growth inhibiting and apoptosis in both ovarian cancer cells. NUMB knockdown enhanced cisplatin-induced cell invasion in SK-OV-3 cells. NUMB knockdown also decreased the expression of N-cadherin and Vimentin in SK-OV-3 cells.
Conclusions: NUMB acted as an oncogene in ovarian cancer and NUMB knockdown enhanced the anti-tumor role of cisplatin on ovarian carcinoma cells by inhibiting cell proliferation and EMT.