LncRNA SNHG1 correlates with higher T stage and worse overall survival, and promotes cell proliferation while reduces cell apoptosis in breast cancer

Lin Sun, Huimin Chu, Hai Li, Yongjun Liu


Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) with the prognosis in breast cancer patients, and its effect on breast cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis.
Methods: A total of 178 breast cancer patients were consecutively recruited, then tumor tissue and the paired adjacent tissue were obtained during surgery for lncRNA SNHG1 determination by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). LncRNA SNHG1 expression was also measured in breast cancer cell lines and normal breast epithelial cell line. Subsequently, negative control (NC) overexpression plasmids, lncRNA SNHG1 overexpression plasmids, NC short hairpin RNA (shRNA) plasmids and lncRNA SNHG1 shRNA plasmids were transfected into MDA-MB-453 cells as well as MCF7 cells, and cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured afterward.
Results: LncRNA SNHG1 expression in tumor tissue was increased compared with paired adjacent tissue, and it correlated with higher T stage and worse overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients. LncRNA SNHG1 expression was also elevated in breast cancer cell lines compared with normal breast epithelial cell line. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay revealed that lncRNA SNHG1 overexpression promoted while lncRNA SNHG1 shRNA reduced cell proliferation, and Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining (AV/PI) assay illustrated that lncRNA SNHG1 overexpression decreased while lncRNA SNHG1 shRNA increased cell apoptosis rate. In addition, Western Blot assay disclosed that lncRNA SNHG1 overexpression downregulated while lncRNA SNHG1 shRNA upregulated pro-apoptotic marker (C-Caspase3) expression, and lncRNA SNHG1 overexpression increased while lncRNA SNHG1 shRNA decreased anti-apoptotic marker (p-P38) expression.
Conclusions: LncRNA SNHG1 is upregulated in tumor tissue and correlates with higher T stage and worse OS, and it promotes cell proliferation but inhibits cell apoptosis in breast cancer.