Article Abstract

Comparison of the effect on the prognosis of HCC in terms of different surgical approaches for hepatic inflow occlusion

Authors: Hong-Hao Li, Liang Ma, Bang-De Xiang, Lu-Nan Qi, Le-Qun Li

Abstract

Background: To investigate the effect of surgical approaches for hepatic inflow occlusion performed during hepatectomy on postoperative tumor-free survival (TFS) in patients treated with R0 resection.
Methods: In total, 343 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who underwent hepatectomy (R0) with different surgical approaches for hepatic inflow occlusion were analyzed retrospectively.
Results: In total, 68.80% of the patients underwent hepatic inflow occlusion, including 46.65% with a routine Pringle maneuver and 22.16% with selective hemi-hepatic vascular exclusion (SHVE), during surgery. The TFS did not significantly differ among the Pringle group, the SHVE group and the no hepatic inflow occlusion group. After further stratifying the patients according to the Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) staging system, the patients with BCLC stage A disease in the SHVE group and no hepatic inflow occlusion group displayed better TFS than those in the Pringle maneuver group (P=0.04; P=0.002), but the patients with BCLC stage B–C disease did not show significant differences among the groups. Furthermore, all 214 patients with BCLC stage A disease were classified into two subgroups according to the microvascular invasion (MVI) status. Interestingly, among the patients with MVI, those in the SHVE group and no hepatic inflow occlusion group had significantly longer TFS than those in the Pringle group (P=0.025; P=0.006); however, the patients without MVI did not show differences among the groups. Additionally, the multivariate analysis revealed that a tumor size ≥5 cm, an absent capsule, a low Edmondson grade, MVI positivity and performance of the Pringle maneuver were independent risk factors of the prognosis in patients with BCLC stage A disease.
Conclusions: Hepatic inflow occlusion and the surgical approach used to address this issue may have an impact on HCC prognosis in patients with BCLC stage A disease, especially among those with MVI positivity. No hepatic inflow occlusion or an SHVE approach rather than the Pringle maneuver should be considered first during hepatectomy for patients with BCLC stage A disease.

Article Options

Download Citation