PRC1 promotes cell proliferation and cell cycle progression by regulating p21/p27-pRB family molecules and FAK-paxillin pathway in non-small cell lung cancer

Zhigang Liang, Xinjian Li, Jian Chen, Haina Cai, Liqun Zhang, Chenwei Li, Jingjie Tong, Wentao Hu


Background: This study aimed to demonstrate the function and molecular mechanism of protein regulator of cytokinesis 1 (PRC1) in the carcinogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was performed. Cell culture and plasmid construction were conducted for cell transfection. mRNA and protein expression, cell proliferation, migration, and cell cycle were detected. Mice models were also constructed. The relationship between PRC1 and the prognosis of NSCLC patients was analyzed.
Results: PRC1 expression was higher in tumor tissues than adjacent non-tumor tissues (P<0.05). Cells transfected with the high-expression PRC1 plasmid (TOPO-PRC1 group) had the stronger ability of proliferation and migration (P<0.05) along with a lower incidence of stay at the G2/M phase (P<0.05) than the low-expression PRC1 plasmid. Mice models showed tumors obtained from mice in the TOPO-PRC1 group significantly grew faster, larger, and heavier (P<0.05) than the low-expression PRC1 group. Among the 150 NSCLC patients, patients with the higher PRC1 expression were more likely to have lymph node metastasis occur (P<0.05) and progress into an advanced stage (P<0.05), and showed shorter survival (P<0.05). Moreover, the TOPO-PRC1 group had a lower phosphorylation level, and a lower expression of Cip1/p21 (P<0.05) and Kip1/p27 (P<0.01).
Conclusions: PRC1 could promote cell proliferation and cell cycle progression through FAK-paxillin pathway molecules and the regulation of the phosphorylation level of p21/p27-pRB family molecules. PRC1 might be a new and promising therapeutic target for NSCLC.