Article Abstract

Correction of spurious low platelet counts by optical fluorescence platelet counting of BC-6800 hematology analyzer in EDTA-dependent pseudo thrombocytopenia patients

Authors: Yejiang Bao, Jia Wang, Anjun Wang, Jia Bian, Yuan Jin

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the dissociation effect of optical fluorescence platelet counting of BC-6800 hematology analyzer on ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid-dependent pseudo thrombocytopenia (EDTA- PTCP) samples.
Methods: Twenty-three finally identified EDTA-PTCP samples were recruited in this study using criteria as follow: (I) impedance platelet counts lower than 100×109/L with instrument “platelet aggregation” flag; (II) existence of platelet clumps in the blood smear; (III) obviously higher platelet counts without “platelet aggregation” flag and no platelet clumps in blood smear after repeating phlebotomy using citrate anticoagulated tubes. The BC-6800 hematology analyzer and the XE-2100 hematology analyzer were used to test 23 EDTA-PTCP samples and 30 controls on both the impedance channel and the reticulocyte channel. The dissociation rate was defined as optical fluorescence platelet counts in the EDTA tubes/impedance platelet counts in citrate tubes ×100%.
Results: BC-6800 analyzer’s optical fluorescence platelet counts of EDTA-PTCP samples were significantly higher than impedance platelet counts (t=4.33, P=0.00) and comparable with the platelet counts of re-collected samples in tubes containing citrate anticoagulant. On BC-6800 hematology analyzer, 22 of 23 EDTA-PTCP samples showed a dissociation rate greater than 80%, and the average dissociation rate was 93%. On the XE-2100 hematology analyzer, 1 of the 17 EDTA-PTCP samples showed a dissociation rate greater than 80%, and the average dissociation rate was 56%.
Conclusions: Optical fluorescence platelet counting of BC-6800 Hematology Analyzer is effective for the correction of spurious low platelet counts in EDTA-PTCP patients, and its dissociation effect on EDTA- PTCP samples was independent of fluorescent dye staining.