Article Abstract

Integrin-α7 expression positively correlates with CD44 and CD133 expressions, and its high expression associates with advanced tumor features as well as poor survivals in non-small cell lung cancer patients

Authors: Xiaowu Shi, Fangjing Wen, Guoxing Xu, Yi Hu

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to explore the correlation of integrin-α7 (ITGA7) with common cancer stem cell marker (CD44 and CD133) expressions, clinicopathological characteristics and survival profiles in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.
Methods: Two hundred and seventy NSCLC patients who underwent resection were reviewed in this study and the expressions of ITGA7, CD44 and CD133 were detected using immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay in tumor tissue specimens. The clinical data (including age, gender, pathological grade, tumor size, lymph node metastasis (LYN), and TNM stage), survival data [including disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS)] were collected.
Results: The numbers of NSCLC patients with ITGA7 high expression, CD44 high expression and CD133 high expression were 170 (63.0%), 241 (89.3%) and 37 (13.7%) respectively, and ITGA7 expression was positively associated with CD44 expression and CD133 expression. ITGA7 high expression was associated with higher pathological grade, larger tumor size, LYN and elevated TNM stage. However, there was no correlation of ITGA7 expression with age or gender. As for survival, patients with ITGA7 high expression presented reduced DFS and OS compared with those with ITGA7 low expression. In addition, multivariate Cox’s proportional hazards regression model analyses exhibited that ITGA7 high expression, higher pathological grade and LYN were independent risk factors for DFS and OS in NSCLC patients.
Conclusions: ITGA7 expression positively correlates with CD44 and CD133 expressions, and its high expression associates with advanced tumor features as well as poor survivals in NSCLC.