Long non-coding RNAs in non-small cell lung cancer: functions and distinctions from other malignancies
Lung cancer leads to the most cancer-related death in the world. It was shown from the increasing evidences that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as molecules for diagnosis, prognosis and even therapy of lung cancer and other malignancies. The biological functions or involved signaling pathways of lncRNAs are always found to be inconsistent among different types of malignancies. However, no available literature has systemically summarized differences in the functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs between lung cancer and other cancers. In this review, the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs in lung cancer were introduced. Furthermore, their functional differences between lung cancer and other malignancies were discussed. Finally, their potential clinical applications in future lung cancer therapy were focused on.